Mapping Asian-Canadian Community Stories On Vancouver Island

The preservation of Vancouver Island’s intangible heritage was at the heart of the Communities + Collections workshop, Mapping Asian-Canadian Community Stories on Vancouver Island, held in collaboration with the UVIC projects, Landscapes of Injustice and Asian Canadians on Vancouver Island. The Landscapes of Injustice project came about as a means to come to terms with the dispossession and exile of 22,000 Japanese Canadians in 1942. The purpose of the project is described on their website:

“Landscapes of Injustice, a history all Canadians should know. During the 1940s, Canada enacted mass displacement and dispossession of people on racial grounds, a collective moral failure that remains only partially addressed. Japanese Canadians lost their homes, farms, businesses, as well as personal, family and communal possessions. Landscapes of Injustice is dedicated to recovering and grappling with this difficult past.”

Pictured above: The Asada family’s general store in Duncan, c. 1919

Despite the solemnity of this vow as a basis for research, the workshop at the AGGV was conducted with a more upbeat tone, focusing not only on Japanese Canadians but other Asians as well. The objective of the workshop was to use maps as a community engagement tool. By collecting stories and prompting conversation about the various communities in British Columbia, the project coordinators could then relate them to the history and experiences of Asian Canadians growing up on the Island.

The conference room in the Spencer Mansion was set up for the workshop with tables scattered around the room, each with a large map spread across the surface. Additionally, there were flyers, old black-and-white photographs, copies of newspapers and various publications and documents about the history of Asian Canadians on Vancouver Island.

Spearheading the workshop was Michael Abe, project manager of Landscapes of Injustice. As a third-generation Japanese Canadian, Michael started the ball rolling by telling the story of his own family’s history on the Island, starting with a small community of immigrants gathered in Paldi near Lake Cowichan. He went on to describe a general store that his great-uncle owned in Duncan in the early 20th century, which was mentioned and illustrated in the book Gateway to Promise: Canada’s First Japanese Community (2012) by Ann-Lee Switzer. Using family anecdotes passed down the generations and the contents of Switzer’s book, Michael was recently able to locate the exact address of the store in Duncan, thereby confirming certain facts about his family tree.

The process through which Michael was able to expand on his family’s history on Vancouver Island exemplified what the UVic project facilitators hoped to achieve for the duration of the workshop. Participants were encouraged to chat informally about their experiences, either growing up as Asians on Vancouver Island or as friends and neighbours to Asian Canadians. To gather the information, each story or experience was jotted down on a slip of paper, numbered to correspond to a numbered sticker on the large map in the center of the conference room. Progress was slow to begin with. But as the participants warmed up and got to know each other, they gathered in small groups to discuss their experiences over tea and cookies. Gradually, the maps on the table began to be populated by little numbered stickers to indicate a memory of a place.

The workshop at the AGGV was just one of the many initiatives that the Landscapes of Injustice project conducts. As more stories are told and mapped, the greater the feeling of community and belonging is built. As Ken Josephson, another facilitator of the workshop from UVic, remarked, “the process of making the maps was far more promising than the finished product.”

For more information about the project, please see